A translational evaluation of potential iatrogenic effects of single and combined contingencies during functional analysis

Billie J. Retzlaff, Wayne W. Fisher, Jessica S. Akers, Brian D. Greer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent research suggests that combining putative reinforcers for problem behavior into a single, synthesized contingency may increase efficiency in identifying behavioral function relative to traditional functional analysis (FA). Other research suggests potential shortcomings of synthesized contingency analysis (SCA), such as the potential for false-positive outcomes. In prior comparisons of traditional FAs and SCAs, investigators could not ascertain with certainty the true function(s) of the participants' problem behavior for use as the criterion variable. We conducted a translational study to circumvent this limitation by training a specific function for a surrogate destructive behavior prior to conducting a traditional FA and SCA. The traditional FA correctly identified the previously established function of the target response in all six cases and produced no iatrogenic effects. The SCA produced differentiated results in all cases and iatrogenic effects (i.e., an additional function) in three of six cases. We discuss these findings in terms of the mechanisms that may promote iatrogenic effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-81
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Fingerprint

functional analysis
contingency
evaluation
Research
Research Personnel
Problem Behavior
Functional Analysis
Contingency
Evaluation
efficiency
Behavior Problems

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Keywords

  • behavioral assessment
  • functional analysis
  • iatrogenic effects
  • induction of novel functions
  • synthesized contingency analysis

Cite this

@article{5a175dff5e9344e391d4c1c9d5df352a,
title = "A translational evaluation of potential iatrogenic effects of single and combined contingencies during functional analysis",
abstract = "Recent research suggests that combining putative reinforcers for problem behavior into a single, synthesized contingency may increase efficiency in identifying behavioral function relative to traditional functional analysis (FA). Other research suggests potential shortcomings of synthesized contingency analysis (SCA), such as the potential for false-positive outcomes. In prior comparisons of traditional FAs and SCAs, investigators could not ascertain with certainty the true function(s) of the participants' problem behavior for use as the criterion variable. We conducted a translational study to circumvent this limitation by training a specific function for a surrogate destructive behavior prior to conducting a traditional FA and SCA. The traditional FA correctly identified the previously established function of the target response in all six cases and produced no iatrogenic effects. The SCA produced differentiated results in all cases and iatrogenic effects (i.e., an additional function) in three of six cases. We discuss these findings in terms of the mechanisms that may promote iatrogenic effects.",
keywords = "behavioral assessment, functional analysis, iatrogenic effects, induction of novel functions, synthesized contingency analysis",
author = "Retzlaff, {Billie J.} and Fisher, {Wayne W.} and Akers, {Jessica S.} and Greer, {Brian D.}",
year = "2020",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/jaba.595",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "53",
pages = "67--81",
journal = "Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis",
issn = "0021-8855",
publisher = "Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior Inc.",
number = "1",

}

A translational evaluation of potential iatrogenic effects of single and combined contingencies during functional analysis. / Retzlaff, Billie J.; Fisher, Wayne W.; Akers, Jessica S.; Greer, Brian D.

In: Journal of applied behavior analysis, Vol. 53, No. 1, 01.01.2020, p. 67-81.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A translational evaluation of potential iatrogenic effects of single and combined contingencies during functional analysis

AU - Retzlaff, Billie J.

AU - Fisher, Wayne W.

AU - Akers, Jessica S.

AU - Greer, Brian D.

PY - 2020/1/1

Y1 - 2020/1/1

N2 - Recent research suggests that combining putative reinforcers for problem behavior into a single, synthesized contingency may increase efficiency in identifying behavioral function relative to traditional functional analysis (FA). Other research suggests potential shortcomings of synthesized contingency analysis (SCA), such as the potential for false-positive outcomes. In prior comparisons of traditional FAs and SCAs, investigators could not ascertain with certainty the true function(s) of the participants' problem behavior for use as the criterion variable. We conducted a translational study to circumvent this limitation by training a specific function for a surrogate destructive behavior prior to conducting a traditional FA and SCA. The traditional FA correctly identified the previously established function of the target response in all six cases and produced no iatrogenic effects. The SCA produced differentiated results in all cases and iatrogenic effects (i.e., an additional function) in three of six cases. We discuss these findings in terms of the mechanisms that may promote iatrogenic effects.

AB - Recent research suggests that combining putative reinforcers for problem behavior into a single, synthesized contingency may increase efficiency in identifying behavioral function relative to traditional functional analysis (FA). Other research suggests potential shortcomings of synthesized contingency analysis (SCA), such as the potential for false-positive outcomes. In prior comparisons of traditional FAs and SCAs, investigators could not ascertain with certainty the true function(s) of the participants' problem behavior for use as the criterion variable. We conducted a translational study to circumvent this limitation by training a specific function for a surrogate destructive behavior prior to conducting a traditional FA and SCA. The traditional FA correctly identified the previously established function of the target response in all six cases and produced no iatrogenic effects. The SCA produced differentiated results in all cases and iatrogenic effects (i.e., an additional function) in three of six cases. We discuss these findings in terms of the mechanisms that may promote iatrogenic effects.

KW - behavioral assessment

KW - functional analysis

KW - iatrogenic effects

KW - induction of novel functions

KW - synthesized contingency analysis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85068671781&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85068671781&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/jaba.595

DO - 10.1002/jaba.595

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85068671781

VL - 53

SP - 67

EP - 81

JO - Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis

JF - Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis

SN - 0021-8855

IS - 1

ER -