Acer rubrum (red maple) growth is negatively affected by soil from forest stands dominated by its invasive congener (Acer platanoides, Norway maple)

Shannon L. Galbraith-Kent, Steven Handel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Invasive species continue to alter the plant communities of the eastern United States. To better understand the mechanisms and characteristics associated with invasive success, we studied competition between two Acer species. In a greenhouse, we tested (1) the effect of forest soil type (beneath an invasive and native stand) on seedling growth of the invasive Acer platanoides (Norway maple) and native A. rubrum (red maple), and the (2) effects of full (above- and below-ground) and partial inter-specific competition on species growth. We found A. rubrum growth was negatively affected by soil from the invaded stand, as it had lower above-ground (32%) and below-ground (26%) biomass, and number of leaves (20%) than in the native soil. The root:shoot resource allocations of A. platanoides depended on soil type, as it had 14% greater root:shoot mass allocation in the native soil; this ability to change root:shoot allocation may be contributing to the ecological success of the species. Widely published as having a large ecological amplitude, A. rubrum may be a useful species for ecological restoration where A. platanoides has been present, but the impacts of A. platanoides on soil functioning and subsequent plant interactions must be addressed before protocols for native reintroductions are improved and implemented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-88
Number of pages12
JournalPlant Ecology
Volume213
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Fingerprint

Acer platanoides
Acer rubrum
forest stands
shoot
soil type
soil
shoots
soil types
belowground biomass
reintroduction
interspecific competition
resource allocation
invasive species
ecological restoration
Eastern United States
forest soil
Acer
plant community
forest soils
seedling growth

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology
  • Plant Science

Keywords

  • Acer platanoides
  • Acer rubrum
  • Allocation
  • Inter-specific competition
  • Invasive species
  • Soil effects

Cite this

@article{1b2ba72857f44d61b03164c55b0f2ea3,
title = "Acer rubrum (red maple) growth is negatively affected by soil from forest stands dominated by its invasive congener (Acer platanoides, Norway maple)",
abstract = "Invasive species continue to alter the plant communities of the eastern United States. To better understand the mechanisms and characteristics associated with invasive success, we studied competition between two Acer species. In a greenhouse, we tested (1) the effect of forest soil type (beneath an invasive and native stand) on seedling growth of the invasive Acer platanoides (Norway maple) and native A. rubrum (red maple), and the (2) effects of full (above- and below-ground) and partial inter-specific competition on species growth. We found A. rubrum growth was negatively affected by soil from the invaded stand, as it had lower above-ground (32{\%}) and below-ground (26{\%}) biomass, and number of leaves (20{\%}) than in the native soil. The root:shoot resource allocations of A. platanoides depended on soil type, as it had 14{\%} greater root:shoot mass allocation in the native soil; this ability to change root:shoot allocation may be contributing to the ecological success of the species. Widely published as having a large ecological amplitude, A. rubrum may be a useful species for ecological restoration where A. platanoides has been present, but the impacts of A. platanoides on soil functioning and subsequent plant interactions must be addressed before protocols for native reintroductions are improved and implemented.",
keywords = "Acer platanoides, Acer rubrum, Allocation, Inter-specific competition, Invasive species, Soil effects",
author = "Galbraith-Kent, {Shannon L.} and Steven Handel",
year = "2012",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11258-011-0008-y",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "213",
pages = "77--88",
journal = "Plant Ecology",
issn = "1385-0237",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "1",

}

Acer rubrum (red maple) growth is negatively affected by soil from forest stands dominated by its invasive congener (Acer platanoides, Norway maple). / Galbraith-Kent, Shannon L.; Handel, Steven.

In: Plant Ecology, Vol. 213, No. 1, 01.01.2012, p. 77-88.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Acer rubrum (red maple) growth is negatively affected by soil from forest stands dominated by its invasive congener (Acer platanoides, Norway maple)

AU - Galbraith-Kent, Shannon L.

AU - Handel, Steven

PY - 2012/1/1

Y1 - 2012/1/1

N2 - Invasive species continue to alter the plant communities of the eastern United States. To better understand the mechanisms and characteristics associated with invasive success, we studied competition between two Acer species. In a greenhouse, we tested (1) the effect of forest soil type (beneath an invasive and native stand) on seedling growth of the invasive Acer platanoides (Norway maple) and native A. rubrum (red maple), and the (2) effects of full (above- and below-ground) and partial inter-specific competition on species growth. We found A. rubrum growth was negatively affected by soil from the invaded stand, as it had lower above-ground (32%) and below-ground (26%) biomass, and number of leaves (20%) than in the native soil. The root:shoot resource allocations of A. platanoides depended on soil type, as it had 14% greater root:shoot mass allocation in the native soil; this ability to change root:shoot allocation may be contributing to the ecological success of the species. Widely published as having a large ecological amplitude, A. rubrum may be a useful species for ecological restoration where A. platanoides has been present, but the impacts of A. platanoides on soil functioning and subsequent plant interactions must be addressed before protocols for native reintroductions are improved and implemented.

AB - Invasive species continue to alter the plant communities of the eastern United States. To better understand the mechanisms and characteristics associated with invasive success, we studied competition between two Acer species. In a greenhouse, we tested (1) the effect of forest soil type (beneath an invasive and native stand) on seedling growth of the invasive Acer platanoides (Norway maple) and native A. rubrum (red maple), and the (2) effects of full (above- and below-ground) and partial inter-specific competition on species growth. We found A. rubrum growth was negatively affected by soil from the invaded stand, as it had lower above-ground (32%) and below-ground (26%) biomass, and number of leaves (20%) than in the native soil. The root:shoot resource allocations of A. platanoides depended on soil type, as it had 14% greater root:shoot mass allocation in the native soil; this ability to change root:shoot allocation may be contributing to the ecological success of the species. Widely published as having a large ecological amplitude, A. rubrum may be a useful species for ecological restoration where A. platanoides has been present, but the impacts of A. platanoides on soil functioning and subsequent plant interactions must be addressed before protocols for native reintroductions are improved and implemented.

KW - Acer platanoides

KW - Acer rubrum

KW - Allocation

KW - Inter-specific competition

KW - Invasive species

KW - Soil effects

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=83855162169&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=83855162169&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11258-011-0008-y

DO - 10.1007/s11258-011-0008-y

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:83855162169

VL - 213

SP - 77

EP - 88

JO - Plant Ecology

JF - Plant Ecology

SN - 1385-0237

IS - 1

ER -