Actinomycetales infection in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

H. A. Holtz, D. P. Lavery, R. Kapila

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

122 Scopus citations


Four parenteral drug abusers with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome had nonmycobacterial actinomycetales infections. Three patients had nocardiosis and one developed a streptomyces lymphadenitis. There was pericardial involvement in two patients, and two patients died. Presumptive diagnoses were often incorrect, highlighting the risks of empiric therapy in these patients. Four of the nine patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and nocardia or streptomyces infections whose cases were reported to the Centers for Disease Control also had mycobacterial disease. A common susceptibility to these agents may exist in these immunosuppressed patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-205
Number of pages3
JournalAnnals of internal medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1985

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine


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