Activated H-ras rescues E1A-induced apoptosis and cooperates with E1A to overcome p53-dependent growth arrest

Huey Jen L. Lin, Valerie Eviner, George C. Prendergast, Eileen White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

104 Scopus citations

Abstract

The adenovirus E1A oncogene products stimulate DNA synthesis and cell proliferation but fail to transform primary baby rat kidney (BRK) cells because of the induction of p53-mediated programmed cell death (apoptosis). Overexpression of dominant mutant p53 (to abrogate wild-type p53 function) or introduction of apoptosis inhibitors, such as adenovirus E1B 19K or Bcl-2 oncoproteins, prevents E1A-induced apoptosis and permits transformation of BRK cells. The ability of activated Harvey-ras (H-ras) to cooperate with E1A to transform BRK cells suggests that H-ras is capable of overcoming the E1A- induced, p53-dependent apoptosis. We demonstrate here that activated H-ras was capable of suppressing apoptosis induced by E1A and wild-type p53. However, unlike Bcl-2 and the E1B 19K proteins, which completely block apoptosis but not p53-dependent growth arrest, H-ras expression permitted DNA synthesis and cell proliferation in the presence of high levels of wild-type p53. The mechanism by which H-ras regulates apoptosis and cell cycle progression is thereby strikingly different from that of the E1B 19K and Bcl- 2 proteins. BRK cells transformed with H-ras and the temperature sensitive murine mutant p53(val 135), which lack E1A, underwent growth arrest at the permissive temperature for wild-type p53. p53-dependent growth arrest, however, could be relieved by E1A expression. Thus, H-ras alone was insufficient and cooperation of H-ras and E1A was required to override growth suppression by p53. Our data further suggest that two complementary growth signals from E1A plus H-ras can rescue cell death and thus permit transformation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4536-4544
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume15
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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