Spinal cord injury (SCI) can be a lifelong, devastating condition for both the patient and the caregiver, with a daunting incidence rate. Still, there are only limited available therapies and the effectiveness of precise regeneration within the central nervous system is minimal throughout postnatal life. Recently, improved regeneration after SCI was seen by manipulating a pathway in sensorimotor neocortices that is involved in phosphorylation of an RNA binding protein (RBP) required for mRNA translation, the Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E). Our data identifies rapid molecular alterations of eIF4E in the sensorimotor neocortices 1 and 3 days after a lateral hemisection SCI, used as a model for Brown-Séquard syndrome.The function of an RBP depends on both its distribution sites within the cell and its phosphorylation states. Indeed, we found both to be affected after SCI. There was a distinct subcellular redistribution of eIF4E and phosphorylated-eIF4E was reduced, indicating that the eIF4E's translation was disrupted. Upon identification and analysis of the mRNA cargo of eIF4E in uninjured sensorimotor neocortices, we found that eIF4E binds both Importin-13 (Ipo13) and Parvalbumin (Pv) mRNAs, indicating a role in their translation. Remarkably, eIF4E's interaction with both Ipo13 and Pv mRNAs was disrupted 1 and 3 days after SCI, despite preservation of total Ipo13 and Pv mRNA levels. Finally, we detected a selective loss of expression of both IPO13 and PV proteins in projection neurons of sensorimotor neocortices, as well as their disrupted dendritic polarity. Since IPO13 is predominantly expressed in neocortical projection neurons and PV in a subset of neocortical interneurons, these data suggest a strong acute effect of SCI on neocortical microcircuitry. Taken together, these data indicate that neocortical eIF4E and a subset of mRNAs may be rapidly recruited to translational machinery after SCI to promote adaptive regeneration response of sensorimotor neurons.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Parvalbumin Importin
- Pyramidal neuron
- Spinal cord
- mRNA translation