Acute intestinal pseudo-obstruction (Ogilvie's syndrome)

Nell Maloney, H. David Vargas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO), also known as Ogilvie's syndrome, is a condition characterized by massive colonic distension in the absence of mechanical obstruction. Patients presenting with Ogilvie's syndrome have underlying medical and surgical conditions predisposing them to the syndrome. Ogilvie's syndrome can often be managed by conservative therapy. However, unrecognized and untreated, the continued distension associated with Ogilvie's syndrome can lead to perforation that is associated with a high mortality rate. In this article, the pathophysiology, epidemiology, and treatment options are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)96-101
Number of pages6
JournalClinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2005
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology

Keywords

  • Acute intestinal pseudo-obstruction
  • Ogilvie's syndrome

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