Acute NelfA knockdown restricts compensatory gene expression and precipitates ventricular dysfunction during cardiac hypertrophy

Saleena Alikunju, Elena Severinova, Zhi Yang, Andreas Ivessa, Danish Sayed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Coordinated functional balance of negative and positive transcription complexes maintain and accommodate gene expression in hearts during quiescent and hypertrophic conditions, respectively. Negative elongation factor (Nelf) complex has been implicated in RNA polymerase II (pol II) pausing, a widespread regulatory transcriptional phenomenon observed across the cardiac genome. Here, we examine the role of NelfA aka, Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome candidate 2 (Whsc2), a critical component of the negative elongation complex in hearts undergoing pressure-overload induced hypertrophy. Alignment of high-resolution genome-wide occupancy data of NelfA, Pol II, TFIIB and H3k9ac from control and hypertrophied hearts reveal that NelfA associates with active gene promoters. High NelfA occupancy is seen at promoters of essential and cardiac-enriched genes, expressed under both quiescent and hypertrophic conditions. Conversely, de novo NelfA recruitment is observed at inducible gene promoters with pressure overload, accompanied by significant increase in expression of these genes with hypertrophy. Interestingly, change in promoter NelfA levels correlates with the transcript output in hypertrophied hearts compared to Sham, suggesting NelfA might be playing a critical role in the regulation of gene transcription during cardiac hypertrophy. In vivo knockdown of NelfA (siNelfA) in hearts subjected to pressure-overload results in early ventricular dilatation and dysfunction, associated with decrease in expression of inducible and cardiac-enriched genes in siNelfA hypertrophied compared to control hypertrophied hearts. In accordance, in vitro knockdown of NelfA in cardiomyocytes showed no change in promoter pol II, however significant decrease in in-gene and downstream pol II occupancy was observed. These data suggest an inhibited pol II progression in transcribing and inducible genes, which reflects as a decrease in transcript abundance of these genes. These results indicate that promoter NelfA occupancy is essential for pol II –dependent transcription. Therefore, we conclude that NelfA is required for active transcription and gene expression during cardiac hypertrophy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-104
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Volume142
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Keywords

  • Functional genomics
  • Gene expression and regulation
  • Heart failure
  • Hypertrophy
  • Negative elongation factor complex
  • NelfA
  • RNA pol II pausing

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