Cytokines and growth factors elicit responses in target cells through induction of gene expression. Signaling mechanisms leading to gene transcription from cell surface receptors often require tyrosine phosphorylation. A family of transcription factors comprising the interferon (IFN)-stimulated gene factor 3 (ISGF3) multimeric complex are phosphorylated and activated in response to interferon. We describe a protein 50% identical to the 91-kDa subunit of ISGF3 that constitutes the acute phase response factor (APRF). This protein was rapidly activated by interleukin-6 to bind an enhancer element common to genes activated in liver cells during the acute phase response to inflammation. Remarkably, APRF was also activated by IFNα, IFNγ, epidermal growth factor, platelet-derived growth factor, colony stimulating factor-1, and the cytokines leukemia inhibitory factor and oncostatin M. The growth factors also activated a third, distinct but related, DNA-binding protein in addition to APRF and p91. This novel factor or a closely related one, but neither APRF nor p91, was also activated in lymphoid cells by interleukin-2, erythropoietin, and interleukin-3. Activation of APRF, p91, and additional members of the ISGF3 family is thus a general feature of a wide variety of signaling pathways, integrating diverse signals through common transcriptional regulators.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1994|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology