Enterovirus infections can cause severe complications, such as poliomyelitis, encephalitis, myocarditis, meningitis, neurological pulmonary edema, and even death. Here, we used genome-wide CRISPR screens to gain new insight into the mechanism by which enteroviruses co-opt host pathways to potentiate replication and propagation. We found that acyl-coenzyme A synthetase long-chain family member 4 (ACSL4) is involved in viral replication organelle formation. ACSL4 is a key component of ferroptosis, an iron-dependent, nonapoptotic programmed cell death. Our results indicated that enteroviruses and coronaviruses can induce ferroptosis via ACSL4. Most importantly, ferroptosis inhibitors, including two FDA-approved drugs, rosiglitazone (ROSI; ACSL4 inhibitor) and pioglitazone (PIO; ACSL4 inhibitor), decreased the viral load of human enteroviruses and coronaviruses, suggesting that ACSL4 is a target for counteracting viral infection. IMPORTANCE We provide the first evidence for the role of ACSL4 in enterovirus replication organelle formation. Moreover, both enteroviruses and coronaviruses induce ferroptosis via ACSL4. These findings establish a novel regulatory mechanism for viral replication. The inhibition of ACSL4 by ferroptosis inhibitors can reduce viral yields of enteroviruses and coronaviruses, including SARS-CoV-2, implying that ACSL4-mediated ferroptosis is a promising therapeutic target for viral diseases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Genome-wide CRISPR screens