Adaptation model of accommodation and vergence

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Both accommodation and vergence have been shown to exhibit adaptation after extended near viewing. Normally, when the stimulus to accommodation is removed, the accommodation system returns rapidly towards its ionic position. However, if the stimulus is removed after an extended focusing effort, the decay is much slower. A similar effect can be observed in the vergence system. After prolonged wearing of horizontal prisms, blockage of one eye results in a much slower decay of the vergence output towards its tonic value. No previous models have been shown to simulate quantitatively these effects. An interactive dual‐feedback model of accommodation and vergence was developed to simulate the adaptive behaviour found experimentally. The unique feature of the model is that the output of each controller drives a dynamic adaptive component whose output governs the time constant of the controller. The model was able to simulate the rapid and slow decays following short and long viewing intervals m each of the accommodative and vergence systems. It also simulated adaptation during alternate binocular and monocular viewing under the accommodation closed‐loop condition. Thus, this model can serve as the basis for detailed quantitative evaluation of adaptive behaviour in the accommodation and vergence systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-326
Number of pages8
JournalOphthalmic and Physiological Optics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1992

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry
  • Sensory Systems


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