Adenosine Kinase Expression in the Frontal Cortex in Schizophrenia

Cassidy L. Moody, Adam J. Funk, Emily Devine, Ryan C. Devore Homan, Detlev Boison, Robert E. McCullumsmith, Sinead M. O'Donovan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The adenosine hypothesis of schizophrenia posits that reduced availability of the neuromodulator adenosine contributes to dysregulation of dopamine and glutamate transmission and the symptoms associated with schizophrenia. It has been proposed that increased expression of the enzyme adenosine kinase (ADK) may drive hypofunction of the adenosine system. While animal models of ADK overexpression support such a role for altered ADK, the expression of ADK in schizophrenia has yet to be examined. In this study, we assayed ADK gene and protein expression in frontocortical tissue from schizophrenia subjects. In the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), ADK-long and -short splice variant expression was not significantly altered in schizophrenia compared to controls. There was also no significant difference in ADK splice variant expression in the frontal cortex of rats treated chronically with haloperidol-decanoate, in a study to identify the effect of antipsychotics on ADK gene expression. ADK protein expression was not significantly altered in the DLPFC or anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). There was no significant effect of antipsychotic medication on ADK protein expression in the DLPFC or ACC. Overall, our results suggest that increased ADK expression does not contribute to hypofunction of the adenosine system in schizophrenia and that alternative mechanisms are involved in dysregulation of this system in schizophrenia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)690-698
Number of pages9
JournalSchizophrenia bulletin
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 10 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


  • ACC
  • neuropsychiatric
  • postmortem


Dive into the research topics of 'Adenosine Kinase Expression in the Frontal Cortex in Schizophrenia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this