Adiabatic pumping of Chern-Simons axion coupling

Maryam Taherinejad, David Vanderbilt

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23 Scopus citations


We study the adiabatic pumping of the Chern-Simons axion (CSA) coupling along a parametric loop characterized by a nonzero second Chern number C(2) from the viewpoint of the hybrid Wannier representation, in which the Wannier charge centers are visualized as sheets defined over a projected 2D Brillouin zone. We derive a new formula for the CSA coupling, expressing it as an integral involving Berry curvatures and potentials defined on the Wannier charge center sheets. We show that a loop characterized by a nonzero C(2) requires a series of sheet-touching events at which 2π quanta of Berry curvature are passed from sheet to sheet, in such a way that e2/h units of CSA coupling are pumped by a lattice vector by the end of the cycle. We illustrate these behaviors via explicit calculations on a model tight-binding Hamiltonian and discuss their implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number096401
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number9
StatePublished - Mar 4 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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