We study the adiabatic pumping of the Chern-Simons axion (CSA) coupling along a parametric loop characterized by a nonzero second Chern number C(2) from the viewpoint of the hybrid Wannier representation, in which the Wannier charge centers are visualized as sheets defined over a projected 2D Brillouin zone. We derive a new formula for the CSA coupling, expressing it as an integral involving Berry curvatures and potentials defined on the Wannier charge center sheets. We show that a loop characterized by a nonzero C(2) requires a series of sheet-touching events at which 2π quanta of Berry curvature are passed from sheet to sheet, in such a way that e2/h units of CSA coupling are pumped by a lattice vector by the end of the cycle. We illustrate these behaviors via explicit calculations on a model tight-binding Hamiltonian and discuss their implications.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical review letters|
|State||Published - Mar 4 2015|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)