Adjuvant systemic chemotherapy and hormonal therapy. Effect on local recurrence in the conservatively treated breast cancer patient

Bruce G. Haffty, Linda Wilmarth, Lynn Wilson, Diana Fischer, Malcolm Beinfield, Charles McKhann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of adjuvant systemic chemotherapy and adjuvant hormonal therapy on local relapse in the conservatively treated breast. Materials and Methods. Before December 1989, 548 patients underwent lumpectomy with axillary dissection followed by radiation therapy to the intact breast. Adjuvant systemic therapy was administered as clinically indicated. The majority of patients with pathologically involved lymph nodes received adjuvant systemic therapy, whereas those with pathologically negative lymph nodes received no adjuvant systemic therapy. The majority of patients received a course of radiation therapy either concomitant with or before systemic therapy. In only nine cases was radiation therapy delayed more than 16 weeks after surgery. Results. As of June 1992, the 548 patients had a median follow‐up of 6.4 years. In univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis, patient age and adjuvant systemic chemotherapy were statistically significant independent prognostic factors relating to breast relapse. Those patients who received adjuvant systemic chemotherapy had a lower breast relapse than those who did not. Among patients who received tamoxifen, there was a statistically insignificant trend toward a lower relapse rate compared with those who did not receive tamoxifen. Conclusions. It appears from this retrospective analysis that patients who received adjuvant systemic therapy, either concomitantly or after their course of radiation therapy, had a lower relapse rate in the conservatively treated breast than those patients who received no adjuvant systemic therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2543-2548
Number of pages6
JournalCancer
Volume73
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Keywords

  • breast cancer
  • chemotherapy
  • local recurrence
  • radiation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Adjuvant systemic chemotherapy and hormonal therapy. Effect on local recurrence in the conservatively treated breast cancer patient'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this