Adolescent binge drinking developmental context and opportunities for prevention

Tammy Chung, Kasey G. Creswell, Rachel Bachrach, Duncan B. Clark, Christopher S. Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Binge drinking, commonly defined as consuming five or more standard drinks per occasion for men and four or more drinks for women, typically begins in adolescence. Adolescents, although they may drink less often, tend to consume higher quantities of alcohol per occasion compared with adults. This developmental difference in pattern of alcohol consumption may result, in part, from maturational changes that involve an adolescent-specific sensitivity to certain alcohol effects and greater propensity for risk-taking behaviors, such as binge drinking. Adolescent binge drinking is associated with a range of acute alcohol-related harms, some of which may persist into adulthood. The prevalence of binge drinking, including high-intensity drinking (i.e., 10 or more and 15 or more drinks per occasion), has declined among adolescents in recent years. Overall, however, the proportion of youth who engage in binge drinking remains high. This article reviews the definition and prevalence of binge drinking in adolescence, trajectories of binge drinking and their correlates, and implications for prevention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e1-e11
JournalAlcohol Research: Current Reviews
Volume39
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Keywords

  • Alcohol consumption
  • Binge drinking
  • Brain development
  • College students
  • High-intensity drinking
  • Underage drinking

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