Advantages of crystallographic fragment screening: Functional and mechanistic insights from a powerful platform for efficient drug discovery

Disha Patel, Joseph D. Bauman, Eddy Arnold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

X-ray crystallography has been an under-appreciated screening tool for fragment-based drug discovery due to the perception of low throughput and technical difficulty. Investigators in industry and academia have overcome these challenges by taking advantage of key factors that contribute to a successful crystallographic screening campaign. Efficient cocktail design and soaking methodologies have evolved to maximize throughput while minimizing false positives/negatives. In addition, technical improvements at synchrotron beamlines have dramatically increased data collection rates thus enabling screening on a timescale comparable to other techniques. The combination of available resources and efficient experimental design has resulted in many successful crystallographic screening campaigns. The three-dimensional crystal structure of the bound fragment complexed to its target, a direct result of the screening effort, enables structure-based drug design while revealing insights regarding protein dynamics and function not readily obtained through other experimental approaches. Furthermore, this "chemical interrogation" of the target protein crystals can lead to the identification of useful reagents for improving diffraction resolution or compound solubility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-100
Number of pages9
JournalProgress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
Volume116
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

Keywords

  • BpGCDH
  • DHNA
  • DMSO
  • FBDD
  • Fragment screening
  • HCV
  • HIV
  • HIV
  • Influenza
  • NMR
  • NNRTI
  • PA
  • PR
  • RT
  • TMAO
  • TS
  • X-ray crystallography

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