Affective and sensation-seeking pathways linking borderline personality disorder symptoms and alcohol-related problems in young women

Carla D. Chugani, Amy L. Byrd, Sarah L. Pedersen, Tammy Chung, Alison E. Hipwell, Stephanie D. Stepp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) and alcohol use disorder often cooccur, yet we know little about risk processes underlying this association. We tested two mechanistic pathways linking BPD symptoms and alcoholrelated problems. In the “affective pathway,” we hypothesized that BPD symptoms would be associated with alcohol-related problems through affective instability and drinking to cope. In the “sensation-seeking pathway,” we proposed that BPD symptoms would be related to alcoholrelated problems through sensation seeking and drinking to enhance positive experiences. We tested a multiple mediation model using age-18 cross-sectional data from the Pittsburgh Girls Study. Results supported both pathways: BPD symptoms had an indirect effect on alcohol-related problems by (1) affective instability and coping motives (β = .03, p < .05), and (2) sensation-seeking and enhancement motives (β = .02, p < .05). These results highlight coping and enhancement drinking motives as possible mechanisms that explain co-occurrence of BPD symptoms and alcoholrelated problems in young females.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)420-431
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Personality Disorders
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Keywords

  • Alcohol-related problems
  • Borderline personality disorder
  • Coping motives
  • Enhancement motives
  • Pathways to alcohol problems

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