Aftershock detection with multi-scale description based neural network

Qi Zhang, Tong Xu, Hengshu Zhu, Lifu Zhang, Hui Xiong, Enhong Chen, Qi Liu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aftershocks refer to the smaller earthquakes that occur following large earthquakes, in the same area of the main shock. The task of aftershocks detection, as a crucial and challenging issue in disaster monitoring, has attracted wide research attention in relevant fields. Compared with the traditional detection methods like STA/LTA algorithms or heuristic matching, neural network techniques are regarded as an advanced choice with better pattern recognition ability. However, current neural network-based solutions mainly formulate the seismic wave as ordinary time series, where existing techniques are directly deployed without adaption, and thus fail to obtain competitive performance on the intensive and highly-noise waveforms of aftershocks. To that end, in this paper, we propose a novel framework named Multi-Scale Description based Neural Network (MSDNN) for enhancing aftershock detection. Specifically, MSDNN contains a delicately-designed network structure for capturing both short-term scale and long-term scale seismic features. Therefore, the unique characteristics of seismic waveforms can be fully-exploited for aftershock detection. Furthermore, a multi-task learning strategy is introduced to model the seismic waveforms of multiple monitoring stations simultaneously, which can not only refine the detection performance but also provide additionally quantitative clues for discovering homologous earthquakes. Finally, comprehensive experiments on the data set from aftershocks of the Wenchuan M8.0 Earthquake have clearly validated the effectiveness of our framework compared with several state-of-the-art baselines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 19th IEEE International Conference on Data Mining, ICDM 2019
EditorsJianyong Wang, Kyuseok Shim, Xindong Wu
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages886-895
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781728146034
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event19th IEEE International Conference on Data Mining, ICDM 2019 - Beijing, China
Duration: Nov 8 2019Nov 11 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE International Conference on Data Mining, ICDM
Volume2019-November
ISSN (Print)1550-4786

Conference

Conference19th IEEE International Conference on Data Mining, ICDM 2019
CountryChina
CityBeijing
Period11/8/1911/11/19

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Keywords

  • Aftershock Detection
  • Multi-Scale Description
  • Multi-Task Learning

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