This work examines the roles of elevated cytosolic Ca2+ and stimulation of protein kinase C in agonist and non-agonist-mediated alkaline shift of the cytosolic pH set point for activation of Na+/H+ antiport in human platelets. Ca2+-depleted and control platelets were subjected to phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, thrombin, vasopressin, and ionomycin in 1 mM or Ca2+ free, nominally bicarbonate free media. To measure the cytosolic pH set point for Na+/H+ antiport activation, cells were acidified to different levels using the sodium propionate method. In some experiments protein kinase C was inhibited by staurosporine. Both protein kinase C stimulation and elevation of cytosolic Ca2+ can produce an alkaline shift in the pH set point for activation of Na+/H+ antiport in human platelets. However, the effect of Ca2+(i) on the pH set point predominates that of protein kinase C stimulation. Cytosolic Ca2+ is a prerequisite for agonist-evoked alkaline shift in the cytosolic pH set point for activation of Na+/H+ antiport. The cytosolic Ca2+ level is also essential for maintaining the basal cytosolic pH. These findings underscore the central role of cytosolic Ca2+ under basal and stimulated states in regulating cytosolic pH of human platelets.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1990|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology