Agricultural pesticide management in Thailand: Status and population health risk

Parinya Panuwet, Wattasit Siriwong, Tippawan Prapamontol, P. Barry Ryan, Nancy Fiedler, Mark G. Robson, Dana Boyd Barr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

116 Scopus citations


As an agricultural country and one of the world's major food exporters, Thailand relies heavily on the use of pesticides to protect crops and increase yields. During the past decade, the Kingdom of Thailand has experienced an approximate four-fold increase in pesticide use. This increase presents a challenge for the Royal Thai Government in effectively managing and controlling pesticide use based upon the current policies and legal infrastructure. We have reviewed several key components for managing agricultural pesticides in Thailand. One of the main obstacles to effective pesticide regulation in Thailand is the lack of a consolidated, uniform system designed specifically for pesticide management. This deficit has weakened the enforcement of existing regulations, resulting in misuse/overuse of pesticides, and consequently, increased environmental contamination and human exposure. This article provides a systematic review of how agricultural pesticides are regulated in Thailand. In addition, we provide our perspectives on the current state of pesticide management, the potential health effects of widespread, largely uncontrolled use of pesticides on the Thai people and ways to improve pesticide management in Thailand.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)72-81
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental Science and Policy
StatePublished - Mar 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


  • Exposure
  • Health risk
  • Legislation
  • Management
  • Pesticides
  • Regulation
  • Thailand

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