American cranberry

Nicholi Vorsa, Jennifer Johnson-Cicalese

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cranberry breeding has undergone relatively few breeding and selection cycles since domestication in the nineteenth century. The first cranberry breeding program's objective was to develop varieties with a reduced feeding preference to the blunt-nosed leafhopper, the vector of the phytoplasma 'false-blossom' disease. From this program, six varieties were released, of which 'Stevens' released in 1950, became the most widely planted cultivar. Improved consistent yields, fruit color, and season of ripening continue to be objectives of breeding efforts. However, disease resistance, especially against the fruit rot disease complex, and insect resistance are increasingly necessary objectives. Much of the cranberry germplasm has not been fully explored for disease and insect resistance, and other traits of interest. Recent development of genomic resources in cranberry will provide for innovative plant breeding systems that will reduce the time and field space required and facilitate the breeding of unique superior cranberry cultivars to meet the current and future challenges of this important American crop. The cranberry industry continues to be a strong supporter of genetic enhancement efforts, providing land space and funding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFruit Breeding
PublisherSpringer US
Pages191-223
Number of pages33
ISBN (Electronic)9781441907639
ISBN (Print)9781441907622
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Keywords

  • American cranberry
  • Anthocyanin
  • Disease resistance
  • Flavonoids
  • Flavonol
  • Fruit rot resistance
  • Fruit set
  • Heritability
  • Proanthocyanidin
  • Vaccinium macrocarpon
  • Vaccinium oxycoccus
  • Yield

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