An ∼600 pc View of the Strongly Lensed, Massive Main-sequence Galaxy J0901: A Baryon-dominated, Thick Turbulent Rotating Disk with a Clumpy Cold Gas Ring at z = 2.259

Daizhong Liu, N. M.Förster Schreiber, R. Genzel, D. Lutz, S. H. Price, L. L. Lee, Andrew J. Baker, A. Burkert, R. T. Coogan, R. I. Davies, R. L. Davies, R. Herrera-Camus, Tadayuki Kodama, Minju M.,. Lee, A. Nestor, C. Pulsoni, A. Renzini, Chelsea E. Sharon, T. T. Shimizu, L. J. TacconiKen Ichi Tadaki, H. Übler

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Abstract

We present a high-resolution kinematic study of the massive main-sequence star-forming galaxy (SFG) SDSS J090122.37+181432.3 (J0901) at z = 2.259, using ∼0.″36 Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array CO(3-2) and ∼0.″1-0.″5 SINFONI/VLT Hα observations. J0901 is a rare, strongly lensed but otherwise normal massive ( log ( M ⋆ / M ⊙ ) ∼ 11 ) main-sequence SFG, offering a unique opportunity to study a typical massive SFG under the microscope of lensing. Through forward dynamical modeling incorporating lensing deflection, we fit the CO and Hα kinematics in the image plane out to about one disk effective radius (R e ∼ 4 kpc) at an ∼600 pc delensed physical resolution along the kinematic major axis. Our results show high intrinsic dispersions of the cold molecular and warm ionized gas (σ 0,mol. ∼ 40 km s−1 and σ 0,ion. ∼ 66 km s−1) that remain constant out to R e; a moderately low dark matter fraction (f DM ∼ 0.3-0.4) within R e; and a centrally peaked Toomre Q parameter—agreeing well with the previously established σ 0 versus z, f DM versus Σbaryon, and Q's radial trends using large-sample non-lensed main-sequence SFGs. Our data further reveal a high stellar mass concentration within ∼1-2 kpc with little molecular gas, and a clumpy molecular gas ring-like structure at R ∼ 2-4 kpc, in line with the inside-out quenching scenario. Our further analysis indicates that J0901 had assembled half of its stellar mass only ∼400 Myr before its observed cosmic time, and the cold gas ring and dense central stellar component are consistent with signposts of a recent wet compaction event of a highly turbulent disk found in recent simulations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number98
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume942
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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