Cyclic voltammetric and chronoamperometric experiments were performed on the neurotoxin, 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), and its oxidative metabolites, 1-methyl-4-phenyl-2,3-dihydropyridinium ion (MPDP+) and 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+). In neutral phosphate buffer electrolyte, MPTP underwent a 2-electron, 1-proton electrooxidation to MPDP+ according to an ECE mechanism where U2o < U1o. Further oxidation could be achieved in alkaline solution. MPDP+ could be reduced to the radical state (Uo ≤ -0.560 V versus SHE) followed by dimerization and other side reactions. It was also shown that MPDP+ gradually disproportionates to produce MPTP and MPP+. With an Uo = -1.067±0.010 V, MPP+ underwent a 1-electron reduction, followed by dimerization. The redox potentials of MPP+ and possibly even MPDP+ were beyond the limits of known physiological reducing potentials; therefore, the primary cytotoxic action of MPP+ does not proceed via redox cycling of its reduction radical, as do other pyridinium-based toxins such as methyl viologen.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Chemical Engineering(all)