The gene mutated in Bloom's syndrome, BLM, encodes a member of the RecQ family of DNA helicases that is needed to suppress genome instability and cancer predisposition. BLM is highly conserved and all BLM orthologs, including budding yeast Sgs1, have a large N-terminus that binds Top3-Rmi1 but has no known catalytic activity. In this study, we describe a sub-domain of the Sgs1 N-terminus that shows in vitro single-strand DNA (ssDNA) binding, ssDNA annealing and strand-exchange (SE) activities. These activities are conserved in the human and Drosophila orthologs. SE between duplex DNA and homologous ssDNA requires no cofactors and is inhibited by a single mismatched base pair. The SE domain of Sgs1 is required in vivo for the suppression of hyper-recombination, suppression of synthetic lethality and heteroduplex rejection. The top3Δ slow-growth phenotype is also SE dependent. Surprisingly, the highly divergent human SE domain functions in yeast. This work identifies SE as a new molecular function of BLM/Sgs1, and we propose that at least one role of SE is to mediate the strand-passage events catalysed by Top3-Rmi1.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Bloom's syndrome
- DNA helicase
- Synthetic lethality