An explicit formulation for multiscale modeling of bcc metals

S. N. Kuchnicki, R. A. Radovitzky, A. M. Cuitiño

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32 Scopus citations


Many materials for specialized applications exhibit a body-centered cubic structure; e.g., tantalum, vanadium, barium and chromium. In addition, the successful modeling of body-centered cubic (bcc) metals is a necessary step toward modeling of common structural materials such as iron. Implicit formulations for this class of materials exist [e.g., Stainier, L., Cuitiño, A., Ortiz, M., 2002. A micromechanical model of hardening, rate sensitivity, and thermal softening in bcc crystals. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 50 (7), 1511-1545; Kuchnicki, S., Radovitzky, R., Cuitiño, A., Strachan, A., Ortiz, M., 2007. A pressure-dependent multiscale model for bcc metals], but are impractical to resolve large-scale dynamic deformation processes. In this article, we describe a procedure analogous to Kuchnicki et al. [Kuchnicki, S., Cuitiño, A., Radovitzky, R., 2006. Efficient and robust constitutive integrators for single-crystal plasticity modeling. International Journal of Plasticity 22 (10), 1988-2011]. wherein we construct an explicit formulation for the multiscale physics models. This update is based on the model of Kuchnicki et al. (in preparation) using a power law representation for the plastic slip rates. The existing implicit form of the model provides qualitative matching with experiments at quasi-static strain rates. The model is recast in an explicit form and applied first to a high quasi-static strain rate to verify that the two forms of the model return similar predictions for similar input parameters. The explicit model is also applied to several high strain rates, showing that it captures characteristic features observed in experimental tests of high-rate deformations, such as the drop in stress immediately after yield that is present in split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) experiments. This test provides qualitative evidence that the model is suitable for high-strain-rate applications. The utility of the model is further demonstrated by a one-dimensional simulation of a SHPB test. Finally, a test case modeling pressure impact of a Tantalum plate using 600,000 elements is shown. The simulations show that the explicit model is capable of recovering the salient features of the experiments while integrating the constitutive update in a robust manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2173-2191
Number of pages19
JournalInternational journal of plasticity
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


  • Crystal plasticity
  • Dynamic deformation
  • Explicit integration
  • Integration algorithms


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