An upper limit on the electron-neutrino flux from the HiRes detector

R. U. Abbasi, T. Abu-Zayyad, M. Allen, J. F. Amann, G. Archbold, K. Belov, J. W. Belz, S. Y. Ben Zvi, D. R. Bergman, A. Biesiadecka, S. A. Blake, J. H. Boyer, O. A. Brusova, G. W. Burt, C. Cannon, Z. Cao, W. Deng, Y. Fedorova, J. Findlay, C. B. FinleyR. C. Gray, W. F. Hanlon, C. M. Hoffman, M. H. Holzscheiter, G. Hughes, P. Hüntemeyer, D. Ivanov, B. F. Jones, C. C.H. Jui, K. Kim, M. A. Kirn, B. C. Knapp, E. C. Loh, M. M. Maestas, N. Manago, E. J. Mannel, L. J. Marek, K. Martens, J. A.J. Matthews, J. N. Matthews, S. A. Moore, A. O'Neill, C. A. Painter, L. Perera, K. Reil, R. Riehle, M. D. Roberts, D. Rodriguez, M. Sasaki, Stephen Schnetzer, L. M. Scott, M. Seman, G. Sinnis, J. D. Smith, R. Snow, P. Sokolsky, C. Song, R. W. Springer, B. T. Stokes, S. R. Stratton, J. R. Thomas, S. B. Thomas, G. B. Thomson, D. Tupa, L. R. Wiencke, A. Zech, X. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Air-fluorescence detectors such as the High Resolution Fly's Eye (HiRes) detector are very sensitive to upward-going, Earth-skimming ultra-high-energy electron-neutrino-induced showers. This is due to the relatively large interaction cross sections of these high-energy neutrinos and to the Landau-Pomeranchuk-Migdal (LPM) eifect. The LPM effect causes a significant decrease in the cross sections for bremsstrahlung and pair production, allowing charged-current electron-neutrino-induced showers occurring deep in the Earth's crust to be detectable as they exit the Earth into the atmosphere. A search for upward-going neutrino-induced showers in the HiRes-II monocular data set has yielded a null result. From an LPM calculation of the energy spectrum of charged particles as a function of primary energy and depth for electron-induced showers in rock, we calculate the shape of the resulting profile of these showers in air. We describe a full detector Monte Carlo simulation to determine the detector response to upward-going electron-neutrino-induced cascades and present an upper limit on the flux of electron neutrinos.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)790-793
Number of pages4
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume684
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 10 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Acceleration of particles
  • Cosmic rays
  • Large-scale structure of universe
  • Neutrinos

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'An upper limit on the electron-neutrino flux from the HiRes detector'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this