Analytical extension of Finite Element solution for computing the nonlinear far field of ultrasonic waves scattered by a closed crack

P. Blanloeuil, A. Meziane, A. N. Norris, C. Bacon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nonlinear scattering of ultrasonic waves by closed cracks subject to contact acoustic nonlinearity (CAN) is determined using a 2D Finite Element (FE) coupled with an analytical approach. The FE model, which includes unilateral contact with Coulomb friction to account for contact between crack faces, provides the near-field solution for the interaction between in-plane elastic waves and a crack of different orientations. The numerical solution is then analytically extended in the far-field based on a frequency domain near-to-far field transformation technique, yielding directivity patterns for all linear and nonlinear components of the scattered waves. The proposed method is demonstrated by application to two nonlinear acoustic problems in the case of tone-burst excitations: first, the scattering of higher harmonics resulting from the interaction with a closed crack of various orientations, and second, the scattering of the longitudinal wave resulting from the nonlinear interaction between two shear waves and a closed crack. The analysis of the directivity patterns enables us to identify the characteristics of the nonlinear scattering from a closed crack, which provides essential understanding in order to optimize and apply nonlinear acoustic NDT methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-146
Number of pages15
JournalWave Motion
Volume66
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics

Keywords

  • Analytical propagation
  • Closed crack
  • Contact acoustic nonlinearity
  • Finite Element
  • Nonlinear acoustics
  • Scattering

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