Annular Indentation of the Ventricles in a Stillborn: A Case Report and Literature Review

Shima Rastegar, Amer Akmal, Debra S. Heller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Idiopathic indentation of the cardiac ventricles in a fetus has not been previously reported. Reported cases of congenital ventricle indentation are either caused by pericardial abnormalities or myocardial defects. Case report: We describe an incidental finding of annular indentation of the lower part of both ventricles in a stillborn male. The fetus was well-developed and the cause of stillborn was pronounced cord entanglement twice around the neck. Conclusion: Circumferential indentation of ventricles is distinguished from constrictive pericarditis and other myocardial defects as histologically the three layers of endocardium, myocardium, and pericardium are intact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFetal and Pediatric Pathology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Keywords

  • annular constriction of the myocardium
  • congenital cardiac malformation
  • fetal heart anomalies
  • incidental cardiac finding
  • indentation of the ventricles

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