This study examines the association between antidepressant use and suicide rates, by sex, age, and method of suicide, between 1998 and 2007 in the United States. Overall suicide rates for the young and elderly declined but rates for the middle-aged increased. All age groups experienced increases in antidepressant use. The elderly exhibited the largest increase in antidepressant usage and biggest declines in suicide rates. Firearm suicides for men and women declined but suicide by drug poisoning rose, particularly for women. For young males and elderly males and females, better treatment of severe depression may have contributed to declining suicide rates. However, rising rates of prescription drug use are associated with higher levels of suicide by drug poisoning.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- United States
- suicide rates