Antigen-specific CD8 + T cell feedback activates NLRP3 inflammasome in antigen-presenting cells through perforin

Yikun Yao, Siyuan Chen, Mengtao Cao, Xing Fan, Tao Yang, Yin Huang, Xinyang Song, Yongqin Li, Lilin Ye, Nan Shen, Yufang Shi, Xiaoxia Li, Feng Wang, Youcun Qian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The connection between innate and adaptive immunity is best exemplified by antigen presentation. Although antigen-presenting cells (APCs) are required for antigen receptor-mediated T-cell activation, how T-cells feedback to APCs to sustain an antigen-specific immune response is not completely clear. Here we show that CD8 + T-cell (also called cytotoxic T lymphocytes, CTL) feedback activates the NLRP3 inflammasome in APCs in an antigen-dependent manner to promote IL-1β maturation. Perforin from antigen-specific CTLs is required for NLRP3 inflammasome activation in APCs. Furthermore, such activation of NLRP3 inflammasome contributes to the induction of antigen-specific antitumour immunity and pathogenesis of graft-versus-host diseases. Our study reveals a positive feedback loop between antigen-specific CTLs and APC to amplify adaptive immunity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number15402
JournalNature communications
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - May 24 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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