Antioxidative Activities of Essential Oils and Ethanol Extrations from Ornamental Zingiberaceae Species

Mincong Zhao, Lanyue Zhang, Zhiwen Yang, Jingwen Wei, Kun Zhang, Xi Zheng, Yanxiong Fang, Li Lin, Jian Tang, Fengjuan Wu, Zhiyun Du

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3 Scopus citations


The essential oils from five different Zingiberaceae species [Costus speciosus (J. Konig.) Smith, Hedychium coronarium J. Koenig, Hedychium gardnerianum Griff., Zingiber zerumbet (Linn.) Roscoe ex Smith, Hedychium chrysoleucum Hook.] were extracted through hydro-distillation process and their chemical compounds were analyzed by GC-MS. In addition, the antioxidant activities of essential oils and ethanol extractions were described. The yields of essential oils ranged from 0.20 % in C. speciosus to 1.52 % in Z. zerumbet. A total of 48 components were identified, of which majority were ⟨-santalo (0.22-41.83 %), aromadendrene oxide I (39.63-55.40 %) and zerumbone (1.67-84.07 %). The essential oils showed an effective DPPH• scavenging activities with IC50 values ranging between 5.28 and 13.26 μg/mL. The result showed that the ethanol extractions had different DPPH• scavenging (IC50, 0.94-9.92 μg/mL) and most of them were lower than ascorbic acid (IC50, 8.37 μg/mL) and trolox (IC50, 10.19 μg/mL). The results indicate that the essential oils and ethanol extractions from the five ornamental Zingiberaceae species could serve as an important bio-resource of antioxidant for using in the functional food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical industries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-222
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Essential Oil-Bearing Plants
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


  • DPPH
  • GC/MS
  • Zingiberaceae species
  • anti-oxidative
  • essential oils


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