Multidrug resistance-associated proteins 24 (MRP24) are membrane efflux transporters critical for the hepatic clearance of pharmaceuticals and endogenous chemicals. Little is known about the constitutive regulation of MRP24 mRNA in normal human liver. The purpose of this study was to identify transcription factors whose expression significantly correlates with MRP24 mRNA in human liver specimens. Ninety adult human livers were profiled for mRNA expression of MRP24 as well as aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), constitutive androstane receptor (CAR), pregnane X receptor (PXR), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) and gamma (γ), liver X receptor alpha (LXRα), farnesoid X receptor (FXR), glucocorticoid receptor (GR), retinoid X receptor alpha (RXRα), hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 alpha (HNF1α) and 4 alpha (4α), and nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) transcription factors. Using linear regression and stepwise selection of partial R2-values, CAR, HNF1α, and PPARα mRNA exhibited the greatest correlation with MRP2, 3, and 4, respectively. Interindividual variation in the expression of the identified transcription factors may account for the variability in constitutive mRNA levels of MRP24. The multivariate approach presented in this study should aid in predicting signalling pathways that participate either directly or indirectly in regulating hepatic drug disposition.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
- Adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette subfamily C (ABCC)
- Constitutive androstane receptor (CAR)
- Hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 alpha (HNF1α)
- Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα)