Appraisal determinants of emotions: Constructing a more accurate and comprehensive theory

Ira Roseman, Ann Aliki Antoniou, Paul E. Jose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

430 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to move toward a more accurate, complete, and integrative theory of the causes of emotions, empirical evidence relevant to a recently proposed appraisal theory was examined, and hypotheses from several alternative appraisal theories were compared and tested. Given questions that focused on the cognitive causes of emotions rather than their phenomenological contents, 182 subjects rated the appraisal determinants of emotion experiences that they recalled. Results suggest that appraisals of unexpectedness (not unexpected/unexpected), situational state (motive-inconsistent/motiveconsistent), motivational state (aversive/appetitive), probability (uncertain/ certain), control potential (low/high), problem source (non-characterological/characterological factors), and agency (circumstances/other person/self), differentiate a large number of widely-discussed emotions. These results are used to formulate a revised, empirically grounded, and more comprehensive model that specifies which appraisals cause 17 different emotions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-277
Number of pages37
JournalCognition and Emotion
Volume10
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 1996

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Emotions
Emotion
Causes
Appraisal Theory

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Roseman, Ira ; Antoniou, Ann Aliki ; Jose, Paul E. / Appraisal determinants of emotions : Constructing a more accurate and comprehensive theory. In: Cognition and Emotion. 1996 ; Vol. 10, No. 3. pp. 241-277.
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Appraisal determinants of emotions : Constructing a more accurate and comprehensive theory. / Roseman, Ira; Antoniou, Ann Aliki; Jose, Paul E.

In: Cognition and Emotion, Vol. 10, No. 3, 01.05.1996, p. 241-277.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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