Approximate nearest neighbor algorithms for Hausdorff metrics via embeddings

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Abstract

Hausdorff metrics are used in geometric settings for measuring the distance between sets of points. They have been used extensively in areas such as computer vision, pattern recognition and computational chemistry. While computing the distance between a single pair of sets under the Hausdorff metric has been well studied, no results were known for the Nearest Neighbor problem under Hausdorff metrics. Indeed, no results were known for the nearest neighbor problem for any metric without norm structure, of which the Hausdorff is one. We present the first nearest neighbor algorithm for the Hausdorff metric. We achieve our result by embedding Hausdorff metrics into l and using known nearest neighbor algorithms for this target metric. We give upper and lower bounds on the number of dimensions needed for such an l embedding. Our bounds require the introduction of new techniques based on superimposed codes and non-uniform sampling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-179
Number of pages9
JournalAnnual Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science - Proceedings
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999
EventProceedings of the 1999 IEEE 40th Annual Conference on Foundations of Computer Science - New York, NY, USA
Duration: Oct 17 1999Oct 19 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hardware and Architecture

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