Are low income and minority households more likely to die from traffic-related crashes?

Robert B. Noland, Maria Luz Laham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

An analysis of motor vehicle mortality is conducted using data from the Census Bureau's National Longitudinal Mortality Study for 1980, 1990, and 2000. The likelihood of being a motor vehicle crash fatality is compared to all other causes of death and not dying within the six year follow up period of the data. Using a multinomial logistic regression, mortality associations with the socioeconomics and demographics of individuals is examined. No association is found with a greater likelihood of being a motor vehicle mortality, based on family income, ethnicity, or race. Those living in rural areas, are unemployed or disabled, and residents of southern states are more likely to be a motor-vehicle fatality. These results conflict with those of many ecological studies that assume lower income neighborhoods (and their residents) are more likely to die due to motor-vehicle crashes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-238
Number of pages6
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Volume120
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Keywords

  • Ethnicity
  • Income
  • Multinomial logit
  • Race
  • Traffic mortality

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