Argon Nanoclusters with Fivefold Symmetry in Supersonic Gas Jets and Superfluid Helium

O. G. Danylchenko, R. E. Boltnev, V. V. Khmelenko, V. Kiryukhin, O. P. Konotop, D. M. Lee, N. V. Krainyukova

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In this study argon nanoclusters (800 to ∼ 6500 atoms) formed in supersonic gas jets are compared to the nanoclusters stabilized in superfluid helium. High-energy electron and X-ray diffraction methods are utilized. Both techniques allow investigation of isolated clusters. It is shown that the theoretical prediction of the so-called multiply twinned particles with fivefold symmetry, such as icosahedra (ico) and decahedra (dec) is valid in the investigated cluster size interval. Around the point of the expected ico-to-dec size-dependent transformation at a cluster size of ∼ 2000 atoms, hexagonal ico and the statistical distribution of structures with a tendency for dec to replace ico are observed. Kinetic reasons, as well as temperature-related effects, could be responsible for the latter observations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-165
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


  • Argon nanoclusters
  • Impurity-helium solids
  • Multiply twinned particles
  • Size-dependent transformation
  • Supersonic gas jet


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