Aromatics from Lignocellulosic Biomass: Economic Analysis of the Production of p-Xylene from 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural

Zhaojia Lin, Marianthi Ierapetritou, Vladimiros Nikolakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

A novel production of biobased p-xylene from hydroxymethylfurfual has been investigated and presented. This is an important part of a process for the production of aromatics from lignocellulosic biomass. The detailed flow sheets are designed based on laboratory experiments by Leshkov et al. and William et al. and economic analysis has been performed. The minimum biobased p-xylene cost is estimated as $3,962/metric ton, of which the main contribution comes from the HMF cost. Sensitivity analysis has been used to assess the impact of uncertainties of economic parameters and also to determine the most significant reaction factor in the technological development, i.e., selectivity and conversion. It has been shown that high selectivity is favored at the same yield.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2079-2087
Number of pages9
JournalAIChE Journal
Volume59
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Keywords

  • 2,5-dimethylfuran (DMF)
  • 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF)
  • Biomass
  • Economic analysis
  • P-xylene

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