Arylsulfatase A: Relationship of genotype to variant electrophoretic properties

David S. Park, Ronald D. Poretz, Michael H. Ricketts, Paul Manowitz

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Previous work has shown that specific electrophoretic variants of arylsulfatase A occur more frequently among alcoholic patients than among psychiatric and normal controls. The present study sequenced the gene for two of these electrophoretic variants, IIIa and IIIb. Both contain an A-to-G transition corresponding to substitution of Asn350 by Ser, with the resulting loss of an N -glycosylation site. The difference in electrophoretic mobility of their gene products is due to a mutation in the IIIb gene resulting in the replacement of Arg496 by His. Evidence is presented that individuals possessing either of two other electrophoretic variants, Va and Vb, are heterozygous for a normal ASA allele and either a IIIa or IIIb allele, respectively. Thus, the relationship between the phenotype of the electrophoretic banding patterns, IIIa, IIIb, Va, and Vb, and their corresponding genotypes has been elucidated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-161
Number of pages13
JournalBiochemical Genetics
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics


  • alcoholism
  • arylsulfatase A
  • gene sequence
  • pseudodeficiency


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