As time goes by: Sixth graders remember a kindergarten experience

Judith A. Hudson, Robyn Fivush

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

138 Scopus citations


In this research we compared kindergarten children's immediate recall of a class field trip to a museum of archaeology on the same day of the trip to their recall 6 weeks later, 1 year later and 6 years later. Not surprisingly, children remembered less about this event over time. However, what children did recall was recalled as accurately and in as much detail 6 years after the trip as immediately after the trip. Most striking were the effects of cueing on memory over time. Without specific cues the event was forgotten by almost all of the children after 1 year, but with cues, 87 per cent of the children could recall details of the event even after 6 years. The set of ‘core’ activities which all children tended to recall on all recall trials were those activities that made this particular event distinctive. However, with increasing time since experiencing the event, children's recall tended to become more reconstructive and inferential. Thus, forgetting in autobiographic memory seems to involve three processes: decreases in amount recalled, changes in accessibility, and changes in memory content.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)347-360
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Cognitive Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1991

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'As time goes by: Sixth graders remember a kindergarten experience'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this