Pickering emulsions stabilized by milled starch particles have been developed as a novel food-grade formulation to enhance the bioaccessibility of poorly soluble bioactive compounds (i.e., curcumin) by controlling the digestion of lipids in the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The dynamic bioaccessibilities of curcumin with and without encapsulation in the Pickering emulsion were evaluated using the dynamic TNO's gastrointestinal (TIM-1) model. For comparison, their digestion profiles were also studied using the in vitro pH-stat lipolysis model. With the combination of two in vitro models, the effect of the milled starch particle stabilized Pickering emulsions on the bioaccessibility of curcumin was fully revealed. There are large differences between the bioaccessibility values of curcumin samples obtained by these two models. Simulated small intestinal lipolysis in the pH-stat model revealed that the bioaccessibility of curcumin encapsulated in the Pickering emulsion was 27.6%, which was larger than 22.1% for free curcumin suspended in the bulk oil phase. The bioaccessibility of curcumin was 50.7% in the emulsion system and 7.8% in the bulk oil when using the TIM-1 model, which simulated the digestion conditions of the entire human GI tract. The digestion mechanism of the milled starch particle stabilized Pickering emulsions in the upper GI tract was well elucidated by the TIM-1 model. The gradual release and improved dissolution profile of the milled starch particle stabilized Pickering emulsions highlighted their potential as delivery systems for lipophilic bioactive compounds.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science