Association of calcium channel blocker use with increased rate of acute myocardial infarction in patients with left ventricular dysfunction

J. B. Kostis, C. R. Lacy, N. M. Cosgrove, A. C. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Studies of Left Ventricular Dysfunction (SOLVD) assessed the effect of enalapril in patients with systolic left ventricular dysfunction (LVD). We performed retrospective analyses of the association between calcium channel blocker (CCB) use and fatal end nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI) in these patients. MI occurred in 11.5% of 845 patients receiving CCBs versus 7.5% of 2551 patients not receiving CCBs in the enalapril group and in 14.4% of 874 patients receiving CCBs versus 9.3% of 2527 patients not receiving CCBs in the placebo group. By multivariate Cox regression analysis, adjusting for comorbidity, cause and severity of LVD, heart failure, and concomitant drug use, CCB use was an independent predictor of MI (relative risk [RR] 1.37, confidence interval [CI] 1.14 to 1.63). The increase in MI risk was greater among patients with a higher heart rate (RR 1.46, CI 1.14 to 1.86) and lower blood pressure (RR 1.45, CI 1.14 to 1.86). The adjusted risk ratio for all- cause mortality associated with CCB use was 1.14 (CI 1.00 to 1.28; p = 0.0454). In this analysis of patients with LVD, CCB use was associated with significantly increased risk of fatal or nonfatal MI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)550-557
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican heart journal
Volume133
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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