DNA polymerase zeta (Polζ) and Rev1 contribute to the bypassing of DNA lesions, termed translesion DNA synthesis (TLS) [1-3]. Polζ consists of two subunits, one encoded by REV3 (the catalytic subunit) and the other encoded by REV7. Rev1 acts as a deoxycytidyl transferase, inserting dCMP opposite lesions. Polζ and Rev1 have been shown to operate in the same TLS pathway in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae [2, 3]. Here, we show that budding yeast Polζ and Rev1 form a complex and associate together with double-strand breaks (DSBs). As a component of the Polζ-Rev1 complex, Rev1 plays a noncatalytic role in the association with DSBs. In budding yeast, the ATR-homolog Mec1 plays a central role in the DNA-damage checkpoint response [4, 5]. We further show that Mec1-dependent phosphorylation promotes the Polζ-Rev1 association with DSBs. Rev1 association with DSBs requires neither the function of the Rad24 checkpoint-clamp loader  nor the Rad6-Rad18-mediated ubiquitination of PCNA . Our results reveal a novel role of Mec1 in the localization of the Polζ-Rev1 complex to DNA lesions and highlight a linkage of TLS polymerases to the checkpoint response.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)