Attenuation of angiotensin type 2 receptor function in the rostral ventrolateral medullary pressor area of the spontaneously hypertensive rat

Tetsuya Kawabe, Masamitsu Iwasa, Kazumi Kawabe, Hreday N. Sapru

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Abstract

We hypothesized that blockade of angiotensin II type 2 receptors (AT2Rs) in the rostral ventrolateral medullary pressor area (RVLM) may elicit sympathoexcitatory responses which are smaller in hypertensive rats compared to normotensive rats. This hypothesis was tested in urethane-anesthetized, artificially ventilated male 14-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Age-matched male Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and Wistar rats were used as controls. PD123319 (AT2R antagonist) was microinjected into the RVLM and mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR) and greater splanchnic nerve activity (GSNA) were recorded. Increases in MAP, HR and GSNA elicited by unilateral microinjections of PD123319 into the RVLM were significantly smaller in SHR when compared with those in WKY and Wistar rats. Unilateral microinjections of l-glutamate (l-Glu) into the RVLM elicited greater increases in MAP and GSNA in SHR compared to those in WKY. AT2R immunoreactivity was demonstrated in the RVLM neurons which were retrogradely labeled from the intermediolateral cell column (IML) of the spinal cord. These results indicate that AT2Rs are present on the RVLM neurons projecting to the IML and their blockade results in sympathoexcitatory responses. Activation of AT2Rs has an inhibitory influence in the RVLM and these receptors are tonically active. Attenuation of the function of AT2Rs in the RVLM may play a role in genesis and/or maintenance of hypertension in SHR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-217
Number of pages9
JournalClinical and Experimental Hypertension
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 17 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • PD123319
  • hypertension
  • microinjections
  • sympathetic nerve activity

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