The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of reperfusion or in vivo pretreatment with a lipid peroxidation inhibitor, lazaroid (U74389G). on attenuating systolic and diastolic alterations occurring during myocardial stunning in isolated rat hearts. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (350 400 g) were randomized into three groups: control animals (n = 13) received no drug; hearts from reperfused animals (n = 11) received 5 μM U74389G in the reperfusion solution; pretreated animals (n = 11) received 6 mg/kg U74389G by i.v. infusion 30 min before killing. Isolated, isovolumic rat hearts were subjected to 20 min of ischemia at 37°C and subsequent reperfusion for 30 min. Left ventricular isovolumic developed pressure (LVDP), its first derivative (LVDP(dP/Dt)), end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), and the time constant of diastolic relaxation (τ) were measured. At baseline, no statistically significant differences were detected in systolic or diastolic function in hearts of rats with or without U74389G treatment. Alter reperfusion, LVDP stabilized at 87 and 92% in both drug-treated groups compared with 52% in the control group (p < 0.01) and dP/dt(max) recovered to 101 and 110% of baseline compared with 58% in the control group (p < 0.01). Diastolic dysfunction showed significant improvement in both U74389G pretreatment groups. The increases in LVEDP and τ were 2.0- and 1.2-fold in pretreated hearts and 2.8-fold and 1.5-fold in drug-reperfused hearts, respectively (compared with 6-fold increase in LVEDP and a 2.5-fold increase in τ in controls; p < 0.05). In conclusion, whether administered before ischemia or during reperfusion. U74389G effectively attenuated the systolic and diastolic dysfunction in this model of myocardial stunning, probably by protecting cell membranes from peroxidation by oxygen-derived metabolites.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Lipid peroxidation
- Myocardial reperfusion