This article presents a microfluidic device which integrates autonomous serial immunofluorocytometry binding reactions of cytometric beads with fluorescence detection and quantification in a continuous flow environment. The microdevice assay is intended to alleviate the extensive benchwork and large sample volumes used when conducting traditional immunoassays, without requiring complex external controls. The technology is based on the miniaturization and automation of the serial processing steps of an antigen sandwich immunoassay, with integrated fluorescence detection using paramagnetic microbeads. The continuous flow design may enable temporal tracking of time-varying protein concentrations in a continuously infused sample for clinical applications, specifically for monitoring inflammation marker proteins in blood produced during cardiac surgeries involving cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) procedures. The device operation was first validated via a single incubation device which measured the concentration of a fluorescently labeled biotin molecule using streptavidin-coated paramagnetic cytometric beads. Subsequently, a dual incubation device was tested with samples of the anaphylatoxin complement protein C3a, and was shown to be capable of differentiating between samples at typical systemic concentrations of the protein (1-5 μg/ml), with very low sample usage (<6 μl/h). It is believed that this continuous flow, automated microimmunosensor technology will be a platform for high sample rate immunoassays capable of tracking and more thoroughly characterizing the systemic inflammation process, and may aid in the development of better treatment options for systemic inflammation during and after CPB.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry
- Magnetic actuation