Bacillus cereus pore-forming toxins hemolysin II and cytotoxin K: Polymorphism and distribution of genes among representatives of the cereus group

A. M. Shadrin, E. V. Shapyrina, A. V. Siunov, K. V. Severinov, A. S. Solonin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phylogenetic interrelation between 40 strains of the Bacillus cereus group has been established using BcREP fingerprinting. The PCR method has shown that the frequency of occurrence of the genes of cytotoxin K (cytK) and hemolysin II (hlyII) is 61% and 56%, respectively, and the gene of the hemolysin II regulator (hlyIIR) occurs together with hlyII. Comparison of the results of fingerprinting, PCR, and RFLP of the toxin genes showed that bacteria with the hlyII + and cytK + genotypes did not form separate clusters. However, microorganisms with the similar fingerprints were shown to have toxin genes of the same type. The proposed variant of RFLP analysis made it possible to clearly distinguish between the cytK1 and cytK2 genes. Twenty-three strains having the cytK genes carried no cytK1 dangerous for mammals. Additionally, the entire collection of microorganisms was tested for the ability to grow at 4°C. This property was revealed for five strains, which should most likely be classified as B. weihenstephanensis. Two of the five psychrotolerant microorganisms carried the hemolysin II gene variant of the same type according to RFLP. None of the five strains had the cytK gene. These strains did not form close groups upon clustering by the applied method of Bc-REP fingerprints.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)405-412
Number of pages8
JournalMicrobiology
Volume76
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Keywords

  • B. cereus
  • Cytotoxin K
  • Fingerprinting
  • Hemolysin II
  • Hemolysin II regulator

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