Beyond fear: The role of peritraumatic responses in posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms among female crime victims

Shireen L. Rizvi, Debra Kaysen, Cassidy A. Gutner, Michael G. Griffin, Patricia A. Resick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examines peritraumatic (and posttrauma) responses in a sample of female crime victims who had been sexually or physically assaulted within the previous 2 months. Women were interviewed about their emotional and behavioral responses during the trauma and assessed for posttraumatic stress disorder and depression symptomatology. Results indicate that women experience a wide range of behavioral and emotional responses during a traumatic event and that these responses have implications for posttrauma adjustment. Women who experienced behaviors typical of a freeze response are more likely to have a greater degree of symptomatology after the assault. Peritraumatic emotions, other than fear, such as sadness, humiliation, and anger, also appear to be related to posttrauma depression symptoms. These findings highlight the necessity of exploring the full range of possible reactions during a trauma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)853-868
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

Keywords

  • Emotion
  • Peritraumatic responses
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Trauma

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