Beyond quotas: Strategies to promote gender equality in elected office

Mona Lena Krook, Pippa Norris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Gender equality in elected office has become a commitment of national governments and international organizations around the globe. To date, much of the discussion has revolved around electoral gender quotas - policies that set aside seats in political assemblies for women or require that political parties nominate a certain percentage of female candidates. Focusing exclusively on quotas, however, obscures the broader range of efforts around the world to bring more women into political office. This article surveys non-quota strategies used globally, developing an analytic framework for theorizing potential interventions into candidate selection and election processes. Whether used in conjunction with, or as an alternative to, quotas, the diversity of these measures points to a wide array of creative solutions, engaging a variety of actors, which might be pursued to enhance women's political representation. Future research should focus on evaluating the effects of these policies, both alongside and separately from quota policies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2-20
Number of pages19
JournalPolitical Studies
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science

Keywords

  • Electoral quotas
  • Gender equality policies
  • Women in politics

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