Bialgebras, the classical Yang-Baxter equation and Manin triples for 3-Lie algebras

Chengming Bai, Li Guo, Yunhe Sheng

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper studies two types of 3-Lie bialgebras whose compatibility conditions between the multiplication and comultiplication are given by local cocycles and double constructions respectively, and are thus called the local cocycle 3-Lie bialgebra and double construction 3-Lie bialgebra. They are two extensions of the wellknown Lie bialgebra in the context of 3-Lie algebras. The local cocycle 3-Lie bialgebra extends the connection between Lie bialgebras and the classical Yang-Baxter equation. Its relationship with a ternary variation of the classical Yang-Baxter equation, called the 3-Lie classical Yang-Baxter equation, a ternary O-operator and a 3-pre-Lie algebra is established. In particular, solutions of the 3-Lie classical Yang-Baxter equation give (coboundary) local cocycle 3-Lie bialgebras, whereas, 3-pre-Lie algebras give rise to solutions of the 3-Lie classical Yang-Baxter equation. The double construction 3-Lie bialgebra is also introduced to extend to the 3-Lie algebra context the connection between Lie bialgebras and double constructions of Lie algebras. Their related Manin triples give a natural construction of pseudo-metric 3-Lie algebras with neutral signature. The double construction 3-Lie bialgebra can be regarded as a special class of the local cocycle 3-Lie bialgebra. Explicit examples of double construction 3-Lie bialgebras are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-74
Number of pages48
JournalAdvances in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mathematics(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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