Bigram-PGK: Phosphoglycerylation prediction using the technique of bigram probabilities of position specific scoring matrix

Abel Chandra, Alok Sharma, Abdollah Dehzangi, Daichi Shigemizu, Tatsuhiko Tsunoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Background: The biological process known as post-translational modification (PTM) is a condition whereby proteomes are modified that affects normal cell biology, and hence the pathogenesis. A number of PTMs have been discovered in the recent years and lysine phosphoglycerylation is one of the fairly recent developments. Even with a large number of proteins being sequenced in the post-genomic era, the identification of phosphoglycerylation remains a big challenge due to factors such as cost, time consumption and inefficiency involved in the experimental efforts. To overcome this issue, computational techniques have emerged to accurately identify phosphoglycerylated lysine residues. However, the computational techniques proposed so far hold limitations to correctly predict this covalent modification. Results: We propose a new predictor in this paper called Bigram-PGK which uses evolutionary information of amino acids to try and predict phosphoglycerylated sites. The benchmark dataset which contains experimentally labelled sites is employed for this purpose and profile bigram occurrences is calculated from position specific scoring matrices of amino acids in the protein sequences. The statistical measures of this work, such as sensitivity, specificity, precision, accuracy, Mathews correlation coefficient and area under ROC curve have been reported to be 0.9642, 0.8973, 0.8253, 0.9193, 0.8330, 0.9306, respectively. Conclusions: The proposed predictor, based on the feature of evolutionary information and support vector machine classifier, has shown great potential to effectively predict phosphoglycerylated and non-phosphoglycerylated lysine residues when compared against the existing predictors. The data and software of this work can be acquired from

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number57
JournalBMC Molecular and Cell Biology
StatePublished - Dec 20 2019
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


  • Computational technique
  • Evolutionary information
  • Lysine residue
  • Phosphoglycerylation
  • Post-translational modification


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