Binding of a curarimimetic toxin from cobra venom to the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. Interactions of six biotinyltoxin derivatives with receptor and avidin

P. Lobel, P. N. Kao, S. Birken, A. Karlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have reacted N-hydroxysuccinimidyl biotin with the principal curarimimetic toxin in Naja naja siamensis venom, biotinylating each of the five lysine residues and the N-terminal isoleucine. The six monobiotinyltoxins were isolated by ion-exchange chromatography, and the residue modified in each was identified by peptide mapping and amino acid analysis. We evaluated the role of each lysine in the binding of toxin to the acetylcholine receptor by measuring the affinity of each biotinyltoxin for receptor and by determining which biotinyltoxins could bind receptor and avidin simultaneously. The effect of biotinylation of each residue decreased the affinity of toxin for receptor in the order Lys 23 > Lys 49 > Lys 35 > Lys 69 ≃ Lys 12 > Ile. 1. Biotinyltoxin modified either at Lys 12 or at Lys 69 is effective in cross-linking avidin to receptor, while biotinyltoxin modified at Lys 49 can form a low-affinity avidin-biotinyltoxin-receptor complex. Taken together, these results help define the surface of toxin that binds to receptor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10605-10612
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume260
Issue number19
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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